There's the Old English dumb, but for
DUMB the dictionary offers the Indo-European root dheu (to rise in a cloud. .
.related to defective perception or wits). TeeMaiR (a dental-shift from
DM)means to rise in a cloud see THYME.
DIM is traced to Old Norse dimmr (dark) andIEbasedhem (smoky). Russian smoke is dim; in
Turkish it is duman.
Edenic covers the silence and senselessness of DUMB. דמי DahMeeY
, דמה DooMaH (Ezekiel27:32)
and דממה DiMaMaH (IKings19:12)
all mean silence. דמום DahMOOM is silent, דמם DaMahM is to be DUMB
or speechless, while נדם NaDahM is also
defined as "dumb." In Leviticus 10:3 the suddenly bereaved Aaron
held his peace (KJV and the imitative old JPS), but VaYiDoaM
AHaRoaN is better rendered that Aaron was DUMBFOUNDED. DIM
perception is seen in words like דמדום DiMDOOM
("dim light" and "blackout"-- as in unconscious). טמום DTaMOOM means stupid or senseless
(the other DUMB); טמטם
DTiMDTaiM is to make stupid; נטמה NiDTMaH (Job18:3)
is to be stupid; and תמה TaMaH is to be
dumbfounded, astounded or in doubt (Genesis43:33). STUN
appears related to this last term. טעם
DTa[A]hM ("wise"- Proverbs26:16) is a
To see Dalet-Mem function in a sub-root, see DORM.
Old Norse dimmr
(dark) and Indo-European root tema (dark-source of TEMERITY) carry us from DM-TM
words of physical darkness to terms of being "in the dark"
simpleton) may be behind words like TOMFOOL (stupid) and TOMMYROT
(foolishness). DIM, the foolish DUMMY, MUTE and MUTTER (reverse the TM), and
STAMMER (German (s)tumm means dumb) all are related. The German
and Scandinavian STM words for mute may be from the blocked up sense of STM
seen at STEM.
MUTE is mudo
is Spanish and Portuguese, so they are more likely reversals of our
Dalet-Mem root. DUNCE and DUN(DERHEAD) are also likely derivatives from these
Hebrew roots. The AHD offers the etymology "perhaps: one stunned by a
thunderstroke." The opposite of DIM (quiet) is DIN. A loud antonym like
DIN (clamor, uproar) is related to Dta[[A]N (to argue, claim) and TIhOON(eeYM)
(complaint, grumble). DIM echoes of DaMa M are heard in Finnish tyyni
(quiet) and Indonesian tenang (quiet). Japanese damaru is to be
silent. DIM in Tagalog is itim (similar in related dialects). Tom
is to be silent in Egyptian. ATOOM is to shurt up in Biblical Hebrew (though
not used for silence). ADahM, Man (the speaking species), can be broken into
negative prefix Aleph- (no) + Dalet-Mem (silence) . That is, (only) Man is NOT
silent . More ADahM,
man, at DEMOCRAT.
Reversing DM (dental-nasal) silence leads one to MUTE.